The instrument of Khmer wedding ceremony and the Khmer wedding musical song (Pleng Khar)

The instrument of Khmer wedding ceremony and the Khmer wedding musical song (Pleng Khar)

If we think about the word Khmer wedding musical instrument and wedding musical song (Pleng Khar), we always expect to know about the meaning of each musical song. As long as we wonder about that, we will seek the exact meaning to all of you.

In each weddingceremony, Cambodian people need to make up with the nice Khmer wedding song; it is very necessary that cannot miss it even they have much money or less money.
All these have been responsible by new couple themselves and their both parents.
What is the main potential of Khmer wedding musical song in wedding occasion and why Cambodian people require these songs in wedding rite?

Wedding musical song is one of the traditional Khmer culture which is the ancient rite that Cambodian people always celebrated when they are married.
The destination between two people is very difficult to tie a good relationship in order to be a happiness family, that’s why in wedding ceremony couple and their family prepare to create the ceremony with the Khmer musical orchestra in purpose of educating their children during the wedding rite and understanding about the difficulty of their parents when they adopted since their children were born in the earth.

Music and musical instrument have always played an important part in Khmer culture for all kind of ceremonies. There are different orchestras for different occasions like: pleng khar also known as pleng-khmer for weddings, pleng-yeke, pleng pinpeat and is also considered to be the most traditional of all orchestras. On the other hand, the best one of ceremony is Khmer wedding song.

Wedding ceremonies in Cambodia are fabulously rite in life. Khmer traditionally weddings songs consist of ceremonies and celebrations lasting three days and three nights festivals of rituals and rites with the bride and groom going through more outfits than a runway model. Unless the couple has saved for many years or have wealthy parents, they try to decorate with my important material during wedding.

Even though during the wedding both side of each family bride and groom is getting busy to prepare things, but they never forget about the wedding musical; they need to think about the Khmer traditional wedding music in the process of wedding rite. Today music is still an important aspect of Khmer culture and will live on in those who keep this highly expressive art form alive.

The musical wedding ceremony or Pleng Khar orchestra would comprise of 8 instrumental groups of the following: Tro Khmer, Tro Ou, Tro Soa, Tro Chher, Drum (Skor Dei), Ta Ke, Khhom, Kok Chhing and mostly replaced by a bamboo flute (khloy), and two females singers and two males singers.

The musical wedding ceremony or Pleng Khar orchestra would comprise of 8 instrumental groups of the following: Tro Khmer, Tro Ou, Tro Soa, Tro Chher, Drum (Skor Dei), Ta Ke, Khhom, Kok Chhing and mostly replaced by a bamboo flute (khloy), and two females singers and two males singers.
The musical wedding is very popular and important in the Khmer wedding. It needs the entire instrument with the wedding song mixing together.

Each program of wedding ceremony is sung by order because there are many categories during wedding rite. The songs are always the meaning since in the past and now.

“The culture of wedding has since ancient times until nowadays. Before Cambodian people celebrated the wedding for 7nights and 7 days; however, now Cambodian people celebrates the wedding only 3nights and 3days and sometimes only 1day and 1night” said Yon Khean (Yon Theara), who is the Deputy General Director of Techniques for Culture in Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts. He added the reason that Cambodian people release from 7 days to 3 days is because the time and the money of people live. They don’t to take long time that the reason to waste money. However, some of the riches Cambodian still celebrate its 7days or 3 days up to their wealthy.

Hin Soth, a Khmer musician and director of group traditional musical song in Bureau 5 of Military Soldier “Khmer wedding ceremony starts with the groom’s family and community of relations and friends descending in a well orchestrated procession to the bride’s house”… “they play the song during the wedding since early morning to tell their relatives or neighbors that the ceremony starting”.

He continued in each songs that playing depend on the process of wedding such as Presentation of Dowry, Hair cutting ceremony(Sarika Keiv Vong (The Beautiful Cardinal Bird), Trapeang Peiy (The Village Pond), ), Party ceremony(Phat Cheay, Kang Saeuy, Bangvel Po Pil (Seven Rotations), Kat Khan Sla, Bak Pkha Sla(Through flowers), Bay Khon Chang Dai (Tying the Wrists) ) and the other more need to do with Khmer wedding musical songs.

Bok Chandara, President of the Khmer Heritage Organization said “The wedding rite always joins the Khmer traditional songs because the songs have the potential meaning”. Most wedding songs have the meaning in order to educate both bride and groom since they were both until they get married. The other thing the songs sing to alert both of them that they grow bigger and become a mother and father after they married. Moreover, it refers to the meaning of Buddha blessing that give them a lucky thing in their family.

To describe about the process of wedding ceremony and to spend the time with the best wedding occasion depend on the instrument of Khmer wedding and the Khmer musical songs during the progress of wedding day. For, they have the potential meaning to the new couple in order to remember in life forever in all kind of Khmer wedding song.

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